Question 1. Question : TCO#2: A research approach that asks participants to describe their recent and lifetime criminal activity is called _____.
Question 2. Question : TCO#2: If criminologists want to see the direct effect of one factor or variable on another factor or variable they conduct _____.
aggregate data research
Question 3. Question : TCO#2: What is known about the trend in property crime rates?
Like the violent crime rate the property crime rate has increased slightly.
Unlike the violent crime rate the property crime rate has continued to fall.
The violent crime rate and property crime rate have remained equally stable.
The violent crime rate has decreased while the property crime rate has increased.
Question 4. Question : TCO#2: According to Wolfgang Figlio and Sellin’s cohort study what percentage of chronic offenders was responsible for a significant proportion of all serious crime?
Question 5. Question : TCO#2: The relationship between class and crime is an important one for criminological theory. The weight of recent evidence seems to suggest that serious official crime is more prevalent _____.
across both the middle and lower class
among the middle class
among the upper class
among the lower class
Question 6. Question : TCO#1: ____________ is an academic discipline that makes use of the scientific methods to study the nature extent cause and control of criminal behavior.
Question 7. Question : TCO#1: The theory that suggests people have free will to choose a criminal career or unlawful solutions to meet their needs or settle their problems is _____.
Question 8. Question : TCO#1: The Chicago School was developed by a group of sociologists at _____.
the Chicago Institute of Criminology
the University of Illinois
Illinois State University
the University of Chicago
Question 9. Question : TCO#: 1 Common law was developed after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 through the verdicts of ________ who used local customs and rules of conduct as guides for decision-making.
Question 10. Question : TCO#1: The intent to commit the criminal act is known as _____.
mala in se
Question 11. Question : TCO#3: Referring to the relationship between marital status and vicimization who is least likely to become a crime victim?
Someone who is married
Someone who has never married
Someone who is divorced
Someone who is a widow or widower
Question 12. Question : TCO#3: One’s chances of victimization are reduced by _____.
staying out of public places
moving to the city
being out and about after 10 p.m.
Question 13. Question : TCO#3: When victims act provocatively use threats or fighting words or even attack first this is known as _____.
Question 14. Question : TCO#3: In routine activities theory a large number of unemployed teenagers would be an example of _____.
Question 15. Question : TCO#3: According to routine activities theory homes that contained easily salable objects such as laptop computers stereos and television sets would be classified as _____.
Question 16. Question : TCO#4: Beccaria believed that criminals choose to commit crime and that their choices could be controlled by _____.
fear of punishment
improving economic conditions
situational crime prevention
Question 17. Question : TCO#4: While outwardly considered the most irrational of offenders serial murders are considered rational because:
they tend to have high IQs.
they pick their targets with care.
they elude arrest for months and sometimes for years.
they are rarely in actuality psychologically disturbed.
Question 18. Question : TCO#4: According to _____________ crime rates are influenced and controlled by the threat of punishment.
diffusion of benefits
Question 19. Question : TCO#4: The Kansas City Missouri police department’s study of patrol effectiveness convinced criminologists that:
the mere presence of patrol officers on the street did not have a deterrent effect.
doubling the amount of patrol officers on the street had a deterrent effect.
The mere presence of patrol officers on the street had a deterrent effect but only in high crime areas.
decreasing the amount of patrol officers on the street increased crime.
Question 20. Question : TCO#4: The philosophy of justice that asserts that those who violate the rights of others deserve to be punished is known as _____.
Question 21. Question : TCO#4: The belief that no serious consideration should be given to biological factors when attempting to understand human nature is known as _____.