Respond substantially to 2 classmates
1. The theories discussed in Chapter 6 include Health Belief Model Stages of Change Social Cognitive Theory and Stage theories of organizational change.
Stages of Change concerns the readiness to attempt or change a health behavior (Hodges & Videto pg. 147 2011). The five stages are precontemplation contemplation decision/determination action and maintenance. I think this theory would suggest that the reason college students aren’t engaging in physical activity because they are unaware that there is a problem and don’t have thoughts about changing their activity levels.
Health Belief Model suggests that the likelihood of someone engaging in a recommended health action is based predominately on that individual’s perceptions (Hodges & Videto pg. 148 2011). By changing a person’s perception the chance that the person will act on the health behavior recommendation will increase. This theory may suggest that college undergraduates are behind in physical activity because their perception of their health hasn’t been altered. If student’s aren’t feeling a sense of fear towards their sedentary lifestyle they won’t change their behavior.
Social Cognitive Theory asserts that a behavior arises from continuous bidirectional interaction of people and their environment and that resulting behavior affect people and their environments (Hodges & Videto pg. 149 2011). This theory may suggest that college undergraduates lack physical activity because they do not feel they can exercise control over their health behavior they are not motivated to act or persist through challenges (Hodges & Videto pg. 149 2011).
Stage Theory of Organizational Change may suggest that college students aren’t active because there is a problem definition or awareness that they have a sedentary lifestyle and need to be more active.
2. The article I found in the FIU Online Library was called Use of Social Cognitive Theory Variables Across Exercise Stages of Change of Employed Women. The questionnaire was sent to employed women in hospitals in their payroll envelopes. The purpose of study was to describe the levels of exercise self-regulation self efficacy and outcome-expectancy values across Exercise Stages of Change (Hallam & Umstattd 2006). They found significant differences between people reporting regular exercise and those who don’t exercise of exercise irregularly.
1. The value of a well written mission statement is to present the idea of the long term impact of the program (Hodges & Videto pg. 158 2011). A well written mission statement will provide guidance for the planning and programming activities and efforts. After finishing a mission statement the development of the programs goals and objectives begin to take place. The program goals and objectives should relate back to the mission statement and use it as a guideline to develop their goals. After creating program goals program objectives should be written. Each objective should be in line with a program goal and directly related to reaching that goal (Hodges and Videto pg. 167 2011). The mission statement is crucial because each step in the planning process relates back to the focus of the mission statement.
1. Awareness objective: Stress is killing you. Stress increases the risk of heart disease heart attack and the risk of stroke. Take time out of the day for yourself. You come first.
2. Knowledge Objective: The American Psychological Association describes stress as a feeling of being overwhelmed worried run down upset and anxious. Stress can affect people of every age both genders different circumstances which can lead to both physical and psychological health issues (2016). Extreme amounts of stress can have health consequences and adversely affect the immune cardiovascular neuroendrocrine and central nervous system (American Psychological Association 2016)
3. Attitude Objective: Stress management can help you learn how to deal with everyday stress. Stress management skills will help you feel better today and years from now. Stress can lead to heart problems and stroke which can be prevented with the the right stress coping skills.
4. Skill development objective: We can help you achieve the proper stress management skills to help you live a healthier happier and stress free life.
5. Access objective: We want to help reduce stress in your town. Less stressed environment = less stress for you
6. Behavior objective: 44% of Americans feel more stressed today than they did 5 years ago. Work stress also causes 10% of strokes.
7. Risk reduction objective: It is imperative Americans learn how to manage stress. Stress is preventable yet women who work in stressful environments have a 40% increased risk of heart disease including heart attacks compared to less stress colleagues (Harvard Health Publications 2013).
8. Health status objective: Our wellness stress program will help improve the health status of our population. A stress free population is a healthier population.