There are many functions performed by the United States Congress. One of the most important functions is their lawmaking abilities. According to the video, “The Constitution makes Congress the first branch and reserves to it the national Law-Making power.” (Cook, 2007) The laws that govern U.S. Citizens can be one of the biggest factors in determining their quality of life. They have to walk that fine line when passing laws between whether they are necessary and whether they might be too intrusive and wind up being considered un-constitutional. Congress is made up of elected officials that serve terms of 2 years and if a law has not been passed by the members over their 2 year term, the law is dead and they must start over after a change of hands. There are also many other committees and groups created by Congress that oversee certain agencies or real-world issues that end up reporting back to Congress and then they decide from those reports on if they need to regulate or create laws off of those findings.