InCarrol v. United States267 U. S. 132 (1925)the Supreme Court held that vehicles were held to a lesser standard of Fourth Amendment protection:
We have made a somewhat extended reference to these statutes to show that the guaranty of freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures by the Fourth Amendment has been construed practically since the beginning of the Government as recognizing a necessary difference between a search of a store dwelling house or other structure in respect of which a proper official warrant readily may be obtained and a search of a ship motor boat wagon or automobile for contraband goods where it is not practicable to secure a warrant because the vehicle can be quickly moved out of the locality or jurisdiction in which the warrant must be sought.
InKatz v. United States 389 U.S. 347 (1967) however the Court established the right to privacy as a defense against warrantless searches. 1) Briefly summarizeKatz v. United States. Please read the case at the link below.
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/389/347 2)United States v. Jones an appeal from the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals that went on to the Supreme Court on the issue of whether a warrant is needed to attach a GPS tracking device to a vehicle. Briefly summarizeUnited States v. Jones.www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/11pdf/10-1259.pdf
3) Which argument do you find more persuasive in the Jones case Scalia’s or Sotomayor’s Why?
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